How Does the United Kingdom’s Legal System Differ from American Law? Medical Negligence UK and USA flag imageThrough history there has been many comparisons made between the United Kingdom and America both being leading countries in many aspects of life. At a glance England and America do not seem all that different however when we look deeper in to the two countries a world of differences appear even the language we speak in many areas resembles each although when examined closely it is not hard to figure out the differences. Culturally, the British are massively different as they are less out going, a more reserved type of folk with a keep calm approach even when disaster strikes while Americans population is bigger, taller and heavier in terms of physical appearance as is their personalities and their likeliness for a joke rather than sarcasm. There is no denying apart from the geographical differences as America is vastly bigger than the UK that they also have a vast economy and are the leading country when it comes to economics while the UK still shows strength the Americans have the biggest national economy worldwide. It is not hard to see the differences there are between the two countries. Above has been mentioned the most obvious and recorded contrasts, however this article is set to focus on the diversities of the legal system in both countries.

How the Legal System of the United Kingdom and America Differ?

Firstly let’s look at how the courts reside within the countries, minor offences and civil disputes are handled by smaller courts known as a magistrate court. In regards to more serious crimes and matters that outweigh the ruling of a magistrates court the case will be referred to a senior court which consist of a three court hierarchy. The Crown Court for the UK and the District Court for the US are where most cases are heard which are considered of a serious nature and in most incidents this is where the case will reside, however there are two further courts; the Courts of Appeal and further up the hierarchy to the Supreme Court.

The British court uses Common Law, it uses past cases to make decisions and judgements, however after American independence, America was set to be governed by the Constitution. A major difference within the legal system of the United Kingdom and America is that of the legal representation, in America a Lawyer can represent just about any kind of defendant where in the United Kingdom a solicitor can deal with most matters however when it comes to trivial advocacy a barrister is needed as representation.

Medical Negligence and Common Law law imageAlthough thus far we have examined differences it is important not to forget that America is in fact a British Colony and much of the British heritage have evolved there over time. What might be shocking of all is the fact that Medical Negligence or Medical Malpractice a well used term in America is in fact derived from British Common Law. There is no denying that medical malpractice is a common occurrence on US soil many being under the perspective that suing medical staffs for poor substandard treatment was introduced by America, however this cannot be further from the truth. The actual legal system within the United States of America is to say somewhat experienced when dealing with matters of medical malpractice. In recent times Britain has seen a sharp increase in the amount of medical negligence cases being pursued by those who feel they have fell victim to substandard treatment by medical professionals and have been caused further ill health. Those who feel they have suffered at the hands of a physician have the option to make a claim for compensation by contacting a legal law firm such as who can offer free legal advice. Claiming compensation for medical negligence may seem quite a difficult task but often one is left no choice especially if the consequences are so severe that it has affected many aspects of life and if the correct representation is chosen all the hassle and hard work will be done by them.


There is an unwritten rule that those who enter in to a profession of a certain statue must at all times have a respect for that profession and offer a standard of practice and care, a concept that was introduced as far back as Ancient Rome and England. Codes of practice concerning medical responsibility and care can be thought to go back as far as 2030 BC to the Code of Hammurabi. Astonishing to say the least, what many people thought as a relatively new term to derive from the Americans is in fact almost the opposite and has been recognisable since Roman times when even then it was recognised as an unforgivable wrong. As far back as the end of the 12th century records were kept regarding Common Law and cases of medical malpractice however it wasn’t until the 1800’s when the first case of medical malpractice is recorded in the United States. Cases where not common before the 1960’s, it is fair to say that since then they are not as rare with 70 per cent of medical physicians having been sued within their time of practice.

Governance differences

When talking about the differences of the legal systems within the two leading countries of this era it is important to remember how firstly the countries are governed and of course by whom. Both the United Kingdom and America are made up of different parts, the UK has England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales and America has its 51 states. Both countries are governed and represented in a different way also while America has no Monarchy the government elected by the people of the US and a President along with representatives are chosen and must follow a set constitution which is quite similar to the system in the UK. However, in the United Kingdom the country has a Monarch and a Government which combined make a monarchy-parliament governed country. Although the monarchy is leader of the state they do not have absolute power as a government is elected in to run the country by the people of the United Kingdom. And if not already slightly confused what makes it more difficult to comprehend is that within the different countries that make up the United Kingdom they too have their own powers and governance as America has many different states which may consist of their own laws, judiciary and legal system.

Top Ten American English Authors and their Works

Writing is a form of art unlike any other and in this art you get to capture the hearts of the people using the most important tool of expression, language. Considering that English is the most spoken language all over the world, the amount of literature that we can find written in English is simply endless. The American writers alone count in hundreds if not thousands and it is no easy task to bring forth a list that would be completely just. Therefore, the writers that have been shared here are our mere opinion and can be different for every person.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Emerson is one of the oldest writers and lecturers of American English. His essay collections were the most famous and as for the books he wrote, Representative Men was the most highly acclaimed of all. Other works of his include Society and Solitude, English Traits, Experience, The Poet and several others.

Henry David Thoreau

Walden is a title that is known quite well in all literary gatherings around the world and so is its writer Henry David Thoreau. Over the years Thoreau wrote some of the most brilliant pieces of literature that we know of. The list of his works is quite extensive including Herald of Freedom, Excursions and Life Without Principle.

Edgar Allen Poe

One of the most famous mystery writers of all time, Edgar Allen Poe provided the world with a very special wealth of knowledge and creativity. His works are particularly known for their macabre and mysterious nature. Some of his works include The Black Cat, Morella, The Tell-Tale Heart, The Oval Portrait and many others.

Mark Twain

The name of Mark Twain is always spoken with the highest regard in all literary circles and there are countless titles that he wrote over the years ranging from travelogues to novels to poetry. Twain brought forward several amazing writings including the famous book The Adventures of Tom Sawyer andAdventures of Huckleberry Finn.

Nathaniel Hawthorne

One of the most accredited short story writers of all time, Nathaniel Hawthorne was considered to be a true literary genius. His short story collection Twice-Told Tales is very famous and is still widely read. However, his true masterpiece is The Scarlett Letter which found great fame in every literary circle. Other works of his include The House of Seven Gables and Tanglewood Tales.

Scott Fitzgerald

Fitzgerald is one of the most famous American writers of all time and all his works found a lot of praise and fame. Titles like The Great Gatsby and The Curious Case of Benjamin Button were also turned into movies recently. Fitzgerald also wrote several short story collections over the years that are worth exploring.

Earnest Hemingway

A name that can never go unmentioned when talking about truly amazing writers is that of Earnest Hemingway. He wrote several great books over the years during his career as a journalist and writer. His famous titles include Old Man and the Sea, A Farewell to Arms and Indian Camp.

Eugene O’Neill

Eugene is the most famous and the most respected playwright of all times. With countless works that he produced over the years, his works were known in every part of the world and his reputation preceded him. Some of his award-winning works include Beyond the Horizon, Anna Christie, Strange Interlude and Long Day’s Journey Into Night.

Harper Lee

We are all familiar with the famous novel To Kill a Mockingbird and its writer Nelle Harper Lee. Over the years Lee published several amazing novels and her works touched the very fabric of the society in the most thoughtful ways. She will be publishing a new book named Go Set a Watchman in the mid of July 2015 and her articles published over the years are all very widely known and greatly written.

Henry Miller

The style that was used by Henry Miller in his works broke all the traditions that existed in his time regarding storytelling. He went ahead and brought forward a tone that exploited real life scenarios and mixed them with sex, a sense of surrealism and even mysticism. His famous works include Black Spring, Tropic of Cancer, trilogy of The Rosy Crucifixion and Tropic of Unicorn.

Final Words

All the writers mentioned here were in a league of their own when it comes to the quality of material that they generated during their writing careers. Their works are inspirations for the writers of today. If you are aspiring to become a writer yourself then you can visit this link for important information.

The Best Universities around the World to Study English

English language is one of the most important tools of communication that anyone can have and for that reason, it is very crucial that you again such a skill, not matter what field you decide to go in. Studying the English language is no easy task especially at degree level but learning the intricacies of such a subject can be very useful. Choosing the right study path is crucial especially picking a university that suits your learning abilities. Getting to explore this whole world of endless learning opportunities is certainly a great way to explore the dynamics of English language and if you are someone interested in getting the best learning experience, we are here to help. In this article we have brought together a short list of universities that we believe are the best places to study English. Keep reading to find out more about these places.

Oxford University – England

As far as the English language as a standard of practice is concerned, Oxford University is the oldest institute in the world. The university has been operating for more than 900 years and the teaching staff here comprises of people who are all the best in their respective disciplines and are handpicked from all over the world. There are over 130 different nationalities here and a student population of more than 18,000. As far as the English department is concerned, the faculty has always served its students with the best learning opportunities. With widely known celebrities of English language teaching here, you will find a great load of learning imparted to you over the course of your degree. The resources available at Oxford to help you with studying are simply enormous as the university has over a hundred different libraries. The services and sightseeing at this place is also quite amazing and will keep you indulged throughout your time here. You can find out more about their English department here.

University of Cambridge – England

The University of Cambridge is widely known for its academic prowess and the level of excellence that it provides to all its students, no matter what the department of study. The university is home to thousands of students who come from all over the world to learn in an environment that is truly optimized for maximum learning. The English language department is also greatly revered for its history of producing some of the most amazing people in the field of writing and speaking. The staff is the best of the best and each member of faculty is known for their accomplishments. The resources that the university provides to its students for effective learning are also quite amazing and the number of libraries and other learning centres in the university premises is astonishing. Getting a chance to study English in this university is certainly one that you don’t want to miss at any cost.

Harvard University – USA

This is a university that has had its name written in countless fields for achieving excellence and producing people who truly changed the world. Being a university that is older than the country it is in, it has a very long history of excellence and currently it is counted as a symbol of excellence in all academic fields. The English department of the university is no less when it comes to achievement and the university has provided the world of English with some really amazing names. This drive for perfection is still found there and studying English at Harvard is certainly the opportunity of a lifetime. If you find yourself getting a chance to study there then you should consider yourself lucky because not many people are that fortunate. The university has over 20,000 students enrolled at any given time and there are over 360,000 alumni of Harvard present all over the world.

Other institutes

While these institutes truly have the best studying environment and opportunities of all the universities in the world, there are other places too that are capable of same level of excellence. This includes the famous Yale University, Stanford University and also University of Chicago. All three of them are in the US and have great English departments with an equally reputable staff. Furthermore, University of California, Berkeley, Columbia University and Princeton University are also equally reputable institutes.

Final Words

The institutes mentioned here are simply the best at what they do in most of their departments and English language is no different there. If you ever get a chance to study in any of these institutes, you can easily say that you have the chance of a lifetime to secure a bright future in English.